Mặc dù phần lớn là những lượng từ để trước danh từ tuy nhiên "a little", "a few", "little" cùng “few" gồm cách cần sử dụng và nghĩa không giống nhau.

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- "A little" và "a few" nghĩa là 1 trong những ít, một vài ba hoặc đủ.- "Little" cùng "few" tức là nhỏ, không được hoặc phần lớn không có. 

Ví dụNghĩa của từ
I"ve got a little money. I"m going lớn the cinema.Tôi gồm một không nhiều tiền. Chúng ta đi xem phim thôi.một ít, một vài
I"ve got a few friends. We meet everyday.Tôi bao gồm một vài ba bạn. Chúng tôi chạm mặt nhau hàng ngày
I"ve got (very) little money. I need to borrow some.Tôi tất cả ít tiền. Tôi yêu cầu đi vay mượn thêm.hầu như không có, không đủ
I"ve got (very) few friends. I need to make new friends.Tôi số đông không bao gồm bạn. Tôi cần có thêm chúng ta mới.

Quy tắc sử dụng A few với few, a little và little

- "A little", "a few", "little" and "few" thường được sử dụng trong câu khẳng định, ít khi mở ra trong câu che định hay câu hỏi.- Danh trường đoản cú đếm được và không đếm được1. "A little" và "little" được sử dụng với danh từ không đếm được (money, bread, water...)2. "A few" and "few" được sử dụng với danh từ đếm được (friends, tables, teachers..)

Luyện tập 

Exercise 1: hoàn thành các câu sau cùng với a few / a little.

1. Some of the people will not attend the ceremony. ---- have already informed me.

2. There’s ---- spaghetti left in the fridge. Shall we eat it tonight?

3. We are experiencing ---- technical issues at the moment.

4. We stayed in Florence for ---- days before moving on lớn Milan.

5. Mary managed lớn get ---- information about the renovation project.

6. We still have ---- ideas left, so let’s hear them out.

7. Give the water ---- water every day if you don’t want them to lớn die.

8. His theories were so complex that only ---- people could understand it.

9. There’s still ---- time left to finish the project, but we’d better be hurry.

10. I’ve been to lớn that Austrian restaurant ---- times. It’s really good.

Exercise 2: hoàn thành những câu sau với few / little.

1. I’m sorry, I can’t pay for your lunch. I have ---- money.

2. ---- children from this school go on khổng lồ university, unfortunately.

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3. ---- is known about this famous artist.

4. Her house is almost empty! She has ---- furniture.

5. There are ---- posts about financial advising that are worth reading. Most of them are very confusing.

6. His oto needs cleaning. He takes very ---- care of it.

7. Very ---- people can speak foreign language perfectly.

8. He’s the new teacher, so he has very ---- patience with children.

9. We need more volunteers. There’re too ---- people khổng lồ help us with the set up.

10. There were very ---- people who were really interested in the performance.

Đáp án

Exercise 1

1. Some of the people will not attend the ceremony. A few have already informed me.

2. There’s a little spaghetti left in the fridge. Shall we eat it tonight?

3. We are experiencing a few technical issues at the moment.

4. We stayed in Florence for a few days before moving on khổng lồ Milan.

5. Mary managed khổng lồ get a little information about the renovation project.

6. We still have a few ideas left, so let’s hear them out.

7. Give the water a little water every day if you don’t want them to lớn die.

8. His theories were so complex that only a few people could understand it.

9. There’s still a little time left khổng lồ finish the project, but we’d better be hurry.

10. I’ve been to that Austrian restaurant a few times. It’s really good.

Exercise 2

1. I’m sorry, I can’t pay for your lunch. I have little money.

2. Few children from this school go on khổng lồ university, unfortunately.

3. Little is known about this famous artist.

4. Her house is almost empty! She has little furniture.

5. There are few posts about financial advising that are worth reading. Most of them are very confusing.