Around seven out of ten Americans (72%) use social media sites such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Pinterest, up from 26% in 2008. <26> <189>. On social truyền thông sites, users may develop biographical profiles, communicate with friends & strangers, vị research, & share thoughts, photos, music, links, và more.

Bạn đang xem: Pros & cons là gì

Proponents of social networking sites say that the online communities promote increased interaction with friends và family; offer teachers, librarians, và students valuable access to lớn educational tư vấn and materials; facilitate social and political change; và disseminate useful information rapidly.

Opponents of social networking say that the sites prevent face-to-face communication; waste time on frivolous activity; alter children’s brains & behavior making them more prone to ADHD; expose users to predators like pedophiles và burglars; and spread false & potentially dangerous information. Read more background…

Pro và Con Arguments


Pro 1

Social truyền thông media spreads information faster than any other media.

78.5% of traditional truyền thông media reporters polled used social media to kiểm tra for breaking news. <190> 59% of Twitter users và 31% of Facebook users polled followed breaking news on these sites. <191> Social truyền thông media sites are one of the vị trí cao nhất news sources for 46% of Americans, compared khổng lồ 66% for television, 26% for printed newspapers, & 23% for radio. <192> Social truyền thông media users have been responsible for reporting events before traditional truyền thông media outlets, including the Paris attacks in France on Nov. 13, 2015 (Twitter, Facebook, & Vine), <193> the Ebola outbreak in Nigeria & Sierra Leone in July 2014 (Twitter), <194> the Boston marathon bombing on Apr. 15, 2013 (Twitter), <195> và the Aurora, CO, theater shooting on July 20, 2012 (Twitter & YouTube). <3> President Donald Trump said that the immediacy that Twitter affords him is the reason why he tweets, noting that press conferences and press releases take too long lớn reach the public. <271>

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Pro 2

Law enforcement uses social truyền thông media to catch và prosecute criminals.

73% of federal, state, và local law enforcement professionals surveyed think “social truyền thông helps solve crimes more quickly.” <196> A survey by the International Association of Chiefs of Police found that 85% of police departments use social media to solve crimes. <199> The new york Police Department was one of the first forces to địa chỉ a Twitter tracking unit and use social networking khổng lồ arrest criminals who have bragged of their crimes online. <6> Social media sites have helped in the prosecution & conviction of a number of crimes, including: a professional soccer player charged with inappropriate activity with a minor in the UK in 2016, <197> a gang charged with the beating of a gay couple in Philadelphia, PA, in 2014, <198> & rioting hockey fans in Vancouver (Canada) in 2011. <7><8>

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Pro 3

Social media sites help students vày better at school.

59% of students with access lớn the mạng internet report that they use social media to discuss educational topics and 50% use the sites to lớn talk about school assignments. <9> After George Middle School in Portland, Oregon, introduced a social truyền thông program to lớn engage students, grades went up by 50%, chronic absenteeism went down by 33%, and 20% of students school-wide voluntarily completed extra-credit assignments.<10><11> A Jan. Năm ngoái study published in the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology said college freshman should use social networking sites to lớn build networks of new friends, feel socially integrated at their new schools, và reduce their risk of dropping out. <182>

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Pro 4

Social truyền thông media allows people to lớn improve their relationships & make new friends.

93% of adults on Facebook use it lớn connect with family members, 91% use it to connect with current friends, và 87% use it khổng lồ connect with friends from the past. <274> 72% of all teens connect with friends via social media. <200> 81% of teens age 13 to 17 reported that social truyền thông media makes them feel more connected khổng lồ the people in their lives, & 68% said using it makes them feel supported in tough times. <288> 57% of teens have made new friends online. <200>

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Pro 5

Social truyền thông media helps empower business women.

Being able lớn connect on social networking sites gives business women a support group not readily found offline, where female CEOs of Fortune 500 companies are outnumbered by male CEOs 474 khổng lồ 26. <201> Many social truyền thông sites are dominated by women: 80% of Pinterest users, <202> 70% of Snapchat users, <204> 68% of Instagram users, <203> 64% of Twitter users, & 58% of Facebook users, are women. <205> Business women use Twitter chats to support each other, give & receive peer knowledge, & have guest “speakers” mô tả expert knowledge. <17> One.org helps African women entrepreneurs connect on social truyền thông media to grow their businesses. <18>

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Pro 6

Social truyền thông sites help employers find employees & job-seekers find work.

96% of recruiters use social media in the recruiting process; 87% use LinkedIn, 55% use Facebook, và 47% use Twitter. <206> 48% of job-seekers credit social truyền thông for helping find their current job. <207> 67% of job-seekers use Facebook for the job search, 45% use Twitter, & 40% use LinkedIn. <208> 69% of students use social truyền thông when finding internships. <209>

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Pro 7

Being a part of a social media site can increase a person’s chất lượng of life & reduce the risk of health problems.

Social media can help improve life satisfaction, stroke recovery, memory retention, and overall well-being by providing users with a large social group. Additionally, friends on social truyền thông media can have a “contagion” effect, promoting & helping with exercise, dieting, và smoking cessation goals. <22>

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Pro 8

Social truyền thông facilitates face-to-face interaction.

People use social truyền thông media to network at in-person events & get lớn know people before personal, business, & other meetings. <23> Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project found that messaging on social truyền thông leads lớn face-to-face interactions when plans are made via the sites và social truyền thông media users messaged close friends an average of 39 days each year while seeing close friends in person 210 days each year. <24>

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Pro 9

Social media increases voter participation.

Facebook users reported they are more likely khổng lồ vote if they see on social truyền thông sites that their friends voted. <25> Amongst students who are somewhat, not sure, or unlikely to lớn vote, 35% stated that social truyền thông media was most likely khổng lồ influence them to lớn vote in the năm 2016 presidential election; this was higher than all other mediums including television (30%), radio (14%), print (9%), & direct mail (6%) or thư điện tử (5%). <210> During the 2012 presidential election, 22% of registered voters posted about how they voted on Facebook or Twitter, 30% were encouraged to vote by posts on social media, & 20% encouraged others lớn vote via social networking sites. <27>

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Pro 10

Social truyền thông facilitates political change.

Social truyền thông gives social movements a quick, no-cost method to lớn organize, disseminate information, and mobilize people. <28> Students at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, used social truyền thông to mobilize a gun control movement following a deadly shooting at their school. The student activists used Twitter khổng lồ promote nationwide protests on Mar. 24, 2018 that drew over one million participants and registered thousands of new voters. <280><281><282><283> The 2011 Egyptian uprising (part of the Arab Spring), organized largely via social media, motivated tens of thousands of protestors và ultimately led khổng lồ the resignation of Egyptian President Mubarak on Feb. 11, 2011. <29> A July 4, 2011 tweet from
Adbusters with the hashtag #occupywallstreet started the American Occupy movement. <30><211> In 2015, the đen Lives Matter grassroots chiến dịch addressed racism & police brutality in the United States and successfully pressured the năm 2016 presidential candidates khổng lồ publicly address the issue. <212>

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Pro 11

Social truyền thông media is good for the economy.

Social truyền thông media sites have created a new major industry & thousands of jobs. <31> A McKinsey Global Institute study projected that the communication & collaboration from social truyền thông added between $900 billion và $1.3 trillion lớn the economy through added productivity and improved customer service. <32> A report by Deloitte found that “Facebook added $227 billion và 4.5 million jobs to lớn the global economy in 2014.” <214> Facebook posted $5.38 billion for first quarter năm nhâm thìn revenue, up from $3.54 billion for first quarter 2015 earnings. <213> Snapchat was valued at $24 billion the day its stock began trading on the thủ đô new york Stock Exchange. <270>

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Pro 12

Social truyền thông sites empower individuals lớn make social change & do social good on a community level.

Social truyền thông shares popularized nine-year old Scottish student, Martha Payne, và her blog, “Never Seconds,” which exposed the state of her school’s lunch program prompting international attention that resulted in changes to lớn her school và the formation of “Friends of Never Seconds” charity lớn feed children globally. <35><141> Jeannette Van Houten uses social media to find owners of photographs và mementos strewn from houses by Hurricane Sandy. <36> Hillsborough, CA, freshman varsity soccer goalie Daniel Cui was blamed for & bullied about a losing season until over 100 of his teammates and classmates changed their Facebook profile photos lớn one of Cui making a save, silencing the bullies & building Cui’s confidence. <37><38>

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Pro 13

Social media helps senior citizens feel more connected to lớn society.

According to lớn a năm ngoái Pew Research Center study, the 65 & older age group is one of the fastest growing demographic groups on social truyền thông media sites, with usage rising from 2% of seniors in 2008 lớn 35% in 2015. <215> Seniors report feeling happier due khổng lồ online tương tác with family và access lớn information lượt thích church bulletins that have moved online & out of print. <39><40>

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Pro 14

Social truyền thông helps people who are socially isolated or shy connect with other people.

More than 25% of teens report that social media makes them feel less shy, 28% report feeling more outgoing, và 20% report feeling more confident (53% of teens identified as somewhat shy or “a lot” shy in general). <14> Youth who are “less socially adept” report that social truyền thông gives them a place khổng lồ make friends <43> and typically quiet students can feel more comfortable being vocal through a social media platform used in class. <44> Shy adults also cite social media as a comfortable place to interact with others. <45>

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Pro 15

Social truyền thông allows for quick, easy dissemination of public health & safety information from reputable sources.

The US military và Department of Veterans Affairs use social media to help prevent suicide. <46> The World Health Organization (WHO) uses social media to “disseminate health information & counter rumours,” which was especially helpful after the Mar. 2011 Japanese earthquake & nuclear disaster when false information spread about ingesting salt lớn combat radiation. <47> The Boston Health Commission used social truyền thông media to get information to its 4,500 Twitter followers about clinic locations và wait times for vaccines during the H1N1 outbreak. <48>

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Pro 16

Social media can help disarm social stigmas.

The Sticks & Stones chiến dịch uses Twitter to lớn reduce stigmas surrounding mental health và learning disabilities. <49> The Stigma Project uses Facebook lớn “lower the HIV infection rate and neutralize stigma through education via social truyền thông and advertising.” <50> Gay people speaking openly on social media, like Facebook site Wipe Out Homophobia, help achieve a greater social acceptance of homosexuality. <51><52> Jenny Lawson, tác giả of the blog “The Bloggess” and thủ đô new york Times bestseller Let’s Pretend This Never Happened, has made public her struggles with OCD, depression, & anxiety disorders, which has lessened the stigma of the diseases for others. <53>

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Pro 17

“Crowdsourcing” and “crowdfunding” on social media allows people to lớn collectively accomplish a goal.

A mother was able to lớn find a kidney donor for her sick child by posting a video on her Facebook page. <54> Planethunters.org, a science social truyền thông media site, have discovered new planets via crowdsourcing. <55><216> Crowdrise, a social network devoted lớn crowdsourcing volunteers & crowdfunding charity projects, raised $845,989 in the 18 days following Hurricane Sandy. <56><57> The Ice Bucket Challenge fundraising chiến dịch for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) went viral on social media, raising $100.9 million in donations in one month alone. <218> Pencils of Promise used social media for crowd funding, which has helped the non-profit build 329 schools và educate 33,000 children. <217>

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Pro 18

Social truyền thông media provides academic research to lớn a wider audience, allowing many people access to previously unavailable educational resources.

Information previously restricted khổng lồ academia’s “ivory tower” can now be shared with the public who do not have access to lớn restricted journals or costly databases. Researchers from a wide variety of fields are sharing photos, providing status updates, collaborating with distant colleagues, and finding a wider variety of subjects via social media, making the research process and results more transparent và accessible lớn a larger public. <59><139>

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Pro 19

Corporations & small businesses use social truyền thông media to benefit themselves & consumers.

85% of fans of brands on Facebook recommend the brand to others & 71% of internet users are more likely khổng lồ purchase from a brand that they are following on social media. <220> Almost 90% of big companies using social truyền thông have reported “at least one measurable business benefit.” <61> In 2015, 98% of Fortune 500 companies used social media. <219> Amongst these corporations the most popular sites were LinkedIn (used by 93% of companies), Glassdoor (87%), Twitter (78%), Facebook (74%), và YouTube (64%). <219> Benefits for the consumer often include special promotions, product information, technical support, and customer service. <221>

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Pro 20

Social truyền thông offers teachers a platform for collaboration with other teachers & communication with students outside the classroom.

More than 80% of US college và university faculty use social media; more than 50% use it for teaching; and 30% for communicating with students. <66> Educators from around the world interact with each other & bring guest teachers, librarians, authors, and experts into class via social truyền thông media sites like Twitter and social networking tools like Skype. <67><68> Edmodo, an education-specific social networking site designed for contact between students, teachers, và parents, reached over 65.5 million users in 2016. <222>

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Pro 21

Social truyền thông offers a way for musicians và artists lớn build audiences even if they don’t have a corporate contract.

<70> 64% of teenagers listen to music on YouTube, making it the “hit-maker” for songs rather than radio (56%) or CDs (50%). <71><72> Pop star Justin Bieber was discovered on YouTube when he was 12 years old. In năm nhâm thìn at 22 years old, Bieber’s net worth was estimated at $200 million. <73><223> The National Endowment for the Arts found that people who interact with the arts online through social media and other means are almost three times more likely khổng lồ attend a live event. <75>

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Pro 22

Colleges và universities use social media to recruit and retain students.

96.6% of four-year institutions use Facebook to lớn recruit students, 83.4% use Twitter, & 79.3% use YouTube. <183> Colleges & universities use Facebook apps and other social media tools to increase student retention. <77> Social networking sites are also being used to lớn give students a support system at community colleges that consist mostly of commuter students. <78>

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Pro 23

Social truyền thông media allows for rapid communication during crisis events.

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Over one-third of federal, state, and local law enforcement professionals surveyed say that they use social truyền thông to notify the public of emergencies or disasters. <196> Facebook allows users in a crisis region to lớn mark themselves as safe and kiểm tra to see that friends and family are safe, <224> such as after the Apr. Năm ngoái Nepal earthquake, the Sep. 2015 Chile earthquake, & the Nov. Năm ngoái Paris terrorist attacks. <225> During the Paris terrorist attacks, Parisians tweeted their personal address alongside the hashtag #PorteOuverte (French for “open door”) to offer shelter to people who were stranded. <225> In the aftermath of the Sydney café hostage situation in nước australia in Dec. 2014, local residents tweeted their routes to work with the hashtag #IllRideWithYou lớn offer support to Muslims in fear of an Islamophobic backlash. <226>

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Con 1

Social truyền thông media enables the spread of unreliable và false information.

64% of people who use Twitter for news say that they have encountered something they “later discovered wasn’t true,” và 16% of Twitter news users say that “they had retweeted or posted a tweet they later discovered khổng lồ be false.” <227> A study published in the journal Science found that lies spread six times faster than the truth on Twitter, and “fake news” is retweeted more often than true news. <278> In the three months prior khổng lồ the năm 2016 US presidential election, false news stories about the two candidates were shared a total of 37.6 million times on Facebook. <269> A federal grand jury indictment announced in Feb. 2018 by special counsel Robert Mueller said that a Russian group created phony social media accounts “to reach significant numbers of Americans for purposes of interfering with the U.S. Political system.” <279> A University of Michigan study found that even when false information is corrected, the number of people who see or share the correction via social media is lower than number who saw or shared the false information in the first place. <272>

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Con 2

Social media lacks privacy và exposes users lớn government và corporate intrusions.

81% of people surveyed feel “not very” or “not at all” secure when using social truyền thông media sites to nội dung private information. <228> 48% of people reported some difficulty in managing their privacy settings. <229> 13 million users said they had not phối or did not know about Facebook’s privacy settings. <81> The US government submitted 36,812 requests for data from Facebook and 7,036 requests from Twitter in 2015, approximately 80% of which were honored at least in part. <230><231> The National Security Agency (NSA) can monitor social truyền thông activity & read the content of private social truyền thông messages simply by entering a person’s username into their system. <232> Contego Services Group, which specialize in worker compensation claims, has a unit dedicated lớn social media monitoring lớn detect fraud. <233>

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Con 3

Students who are heavy social media users tend to have lower grades.

31% of teens say that using social truyền thông during homework reduces the quality of their work. <235> Students who used social truyền thông had an average GPA of 3.06 while non-users had an average GPA of 3.82. <84> Students who used social truyền thông media while studying scored 20% lower on tests. <84> College students’ grades dropped 0.12 points for every 93 minutes above the average 106 minutes spent on Facebook per day. <85> One study found that in schools which introduced a ban on cell phones, student performance improved 6.41%. <234> Another found that grades began a steady decline after secondary school students reached 30 minutes of daily screen time. After four hours, average GPAs dropped one full grade. <184>

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Con 4

Social media can lead to lớn stress and offline relationship problems.

31% of teens who use social truyền thông have fought with a friend because of something that happened online. <236> A năm 2016 study found that overuse of social media as an adolescent may decrease success in relationships later in life as online communication hinders the development of conflict management skills và awareness of interpersonal cues. <247> One study found that the more Facebook friends a person has, the more stressful Facebook is lớn use. <87> Researchers have found that “active Twitter use leads to lớn greater amounts of Twitter-related conflict among lãng mạn partners, which in turn leads khổng lồ infidelity, breakup, and divorce.” <238>

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Con 5

Social truyền thông media can entice people lớn waste time.

A survey of internet users aged 16-64 found that the average daily time spent on social truyền thông is 1.72 hours, which accounts for 28% of total time spent online. <239> 36% of people surveyed listed social truyền thông as the “biggest waste of time,” above fantasy sports (25%), watching TV (23%), and shopping (9%). <90> When alerted to new social media activity, such as a new tweet or Facebook message, users take 20 to 25 minutes on average lớn return lớn the original task. In 30% of cases, it took two hours lớn fully return attention to the original task. <91>

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Con 6

Using social truyền thông media can harm job stability and employment prospects.

Job recruiters reported negative reactions to lớn profanity (63%), poor spelling or grammar (66%), sexual content (70%), & references to illegal drugs (83%), guns (51%), & alcohol (44%) on potential employees’ social media. <241> 55% of recruiters report reconsidering hiring applicants based on social truyền thông media activities. <241> Anthony Weiner, former US Representative, was forced to lớn resign after a Twitter sexting scandal. <93> Curt Schilling, former All-Star pitcher, was fired from ESPN for his Facebook comments about transgender people; he had previously been suspended for a tweet in which he compared radical Muslims lớn Nazis. <242>

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Con 7

The use of social truyền thông is correlated with personality và brain disorders.

A University of Pittsburgh study found that social truyền thông media use was “significantly associated with increased depression” amongst adults aged between 19 & 32. <243> Another study found that addictive social truyền thông use reflected increased narcissistic personality traits. <244> Researchers have found that “interruptions due to phone notifications can cause inattention và hyperactivity in the general population.” <246> A UK government study found that 41% of children who spend over three hours on social truyền thông on a normal school day reportedly suffer from mental health difficulties compared with 21% who spend no time on the sites. <245>

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Con 8

Social media causes people to lớn spend less time interacting face-to-face.

A USC Annenberg School study found that the percentage of people reporting less face-to-face time with family in their homes rose from 8% in 2000 khổng lồ 34% in 2011. <98> 32% reported using social truyền thông media or texting during meals (47% of 18-34 year olds) <99> instead of talking with family and friends. 10% of people younger than 25 years old respond to lớn social truyền thông media and text messages during sex. <100><173>

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Con 9

Criminals use social truyền thông media to commit và promote crimes.

Gangs use the sites lớn recruit younger members, coordinate violent crimes, and threaten other gangs. <101> Sex offenders use social truyền thông media sites to find victims for sexual exploitation. <248><249><253> 78% of burglars “admitted they use Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare, and Google Street View to select victims’ properties,” và 54% said that “posting status and whereabouts on social truyền thông media is the most common mistake made by homeowners.” <251> Social media has also led to lớn the phenomena of “performance crimes,” so called as participants film their crimes and upload them to lớn social media. <250>

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Con 10

Social truyền thông can endanger the military, journalists, & activists.

The US Army notes that checking in with location based services on social media like Foursquare or Facebook could expose sensitive whereabouts và endanger military personnel and operations. <104> In 2015 a freelance journalist & activist was executed by the Islamic State of Iraq và Syria (ISIS) for reporting on life under the regime via Facebook. <252> In 2015 and 2016, a number of Bangladeshi bloggers who posted their thoughts on atheism on social truyền thông were killed by religious fundamentalists who opposed their postings. <254> In 2011, a blogger was found murdered by a Mexican cartel with the note “this happened lớn me for not understanding that I shouldn’t report things on the social networks.” <106><140>

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Con 11

Social media harms employees’ productivity.

A global online survey found that một nửa of workers kiểm tra or use social truyền thông media at least once a day during work hours. <256> A survey of Irish workers found that 78% use a personal device khổng lồ access social truyền thông media at work. <257> Two-thirds of US workers with Facebook accounts access the site during work hours. <107> Even spending just 30 minutes a day on social media while at work would cost a 50-person company 6,500 hours of productivity a year. <108> A Pew Research Center study found that 56% of workers who use social truyền thông media for work-related purposes think it distracts them from the work they need to lớn do. <255>

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Con 12

Social media facilitates cyberbullying.

52% of students have reported being the victim of cyberbullying with 84.2% naming Facebook as the site through which they have been bullied, followed by Instagram (23.4%), Twitter (21.4%), & Snapchat (13.5%). <259> 17.5% of male students và 21.3% of female students have admitted committing bullying behavior online. <259> 54% of teens have witnessed cyberbullying including on sites such as Facebook (39%), Twitter (29%), YouTube (22%), and Instagram (22%). <258> Middle school children who are victims of cyberbullying are almost twice as likely to lớn attempt suicide. <46> A 2020 study found 39% of cyberbully victims và 29% of cyberbullies showed signs of PTSD. <297>

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Con 13

Social media enables “sexting,” which can lead to criminal charges & the unexpected proliferation of personal images.

Almost 40% of teens report “sexting” – posting or sending sexually suggestive messages – with 22% of teen girls & 18% of teen boys posting nude or semi-nude photos. <261> As a result, teens và adults are being charged with possessing and distributing child pornography, even when the teen took & distributed a photo of him/herself. <113> 88% of private self-produced sexual images posted lớn social media are stolen by pornography websites & disseminated to lớn the public, often without the subject’s knowledge. <114>

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Con 14

People who use social truyền thông media are prone to lớn social isolation.

Social media can exacerbate feelings of disconnect (especially for youth with disabilities), and put children at higher risk for depression, low self-esteem, and eating disorders. <42> The “passive consumption” of social media (scanning posts without commenting) is related khổng lồ loneliness. <115>

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Con 15

Social truyền thông aids the spread of hate groups.

A Baylor University study examined Facebook hate groups focused on President Barack Obama và found a resurgence of racial slurs and stereotypes not seen in mainstream truyền thông in decades. <119> A study of English-language Twitter posts found that around 10,000 tweets per day contained racial slurs, 30% of which were deemed derogatory. <264> Social truyền thông media can create a “‘radicalization echo chamber’ where followers reinforce for each other extremist propaganda & calls for violence,” says John Carlin, JD, Assistant Attorney General at the Justice Department. <263> The Christian Identity, a faction of the trắng supremacist group Aryan Nations, uses social truyền thông media to recruit members <121>, & Die Auserwahlten, a skinhead crew founded in Nebraska, was created by people who had met each other on social media. <264>

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Con 16

Children may endanger themselves by not understanding the public & viral nature of social media.

The 2012 film Project X, about an out of control high school house tiệc ngọt due to social truyền thông media promotion, prompted copycat parties across the US resulting in arrests for vandalism, criminal trespassing, và other offenses. <122> Up to 600 Dutch riot police had to lớn be called in to lớn break up a teen’s birthday tiệc nhỏ to which about 30,000 people were accidentally invited after a Facebook post thought to lớn be private went viral. <123> A similar incident happened in Los Angeles and resulted in the teen host beaten và hospitalized. <124>

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Con 17

Social media enables cheating on school assignments.

Students in California, new york City, & Houston posted photos of standardized tests khổng lồ social truyền thông sites, allowing students who had not yet taken the tests to lớn see the questions (and potentially find answers) ahead of time. <82> The SAT has had similar problems with students posting parts of the exam khổng lồ social media. <125><126> In Mar. 2015, two students in Maryland were accused of cheating on the 10th grade Common core tests by posting questions on Twitter. Pearson, a company that administers standardized tests, identified 76 cases of students posting kiểm tra materials online spanning six states in the first three months of 2015. <185>

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Con 18

Social media sites’ advertising practices may constitute an invasion of privacy.

An ExactTarget marketing report tells companies, “When a user clicks on a lượt thích button belonging khổng lồ your brand, you’re immediately granted access khổng lồ additional information about this customer, from school affiliation and workplace information lớn their birthdate and other things they like… arketers can access and leverage data in ways that will truly alarm customers.” <127> From social truyền thông sites, simple algorithms can determine where you live, sexual orientation, personality traits, signs of depression, and alma maters among other information, even if users put none of those data on their social truyền thông profiles. <128>

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Con 19

Social truyền thông can facilitate inappropriate student-teacher relationships.

The Texas Education Agency (TEA) opened 222 cases about “inappropriate relationships” between educators và students in the 2015-16 school year; 86 cases were investigated in 2007-2008 & education experts blame the rise of social truyền thông for this increase. <124><265> Pamela Casey, a District Attorney in Alabama who has prosecuted teachers who had relationships with students, says that social truyền thông media adds lớn the problem: “We say and do things on social truyền thông and cell phones that we wouldn’t say and do in person… As a result, there’s a wall that’s been removed.” <130><186>

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Con 21

Using social media can harm students’ chances for college admission.

College administrators scan Facebook profiles for evidence of illegal behavior by students. <134><135> A 2018 Kaplan thử nghiệm Prep survey found that 25% of college admissions officers checked an applicant’s social truyền thông media to learn more about them, up from 10% in 2008 but down from a high of 40% in 2015. <287> 42% of these admissions officers discovered information that had a negative impact on prospective students’ admission chances. <76><266> In 2014, only 3% of students surveyed believed the content of their social truyền thông media presence could hurt their prospects of admission. <76>

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Con 22

Social media posts cannot be completely deleted và all information posted can have unintended consequences.

The Library of Congress has been archiving all public tweets from Twitter’s Mar. 2006 inception forward. <267> Information about an affair posted on Facebook, for example, can lead to & be used against someone in divorce proceedings because the information, once posted, can never be completely deleted. 81% of members of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers (AAML) said that they have seen in a rise in the use of social truyền thông media as evidence in divorce proceedings with Facebook being cited as the primary source in 66% of divorce cases. <268>

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Con 23

Social media users are vulnerable lớn security attacks such as hacking, identity theft, và viruses.

Social truyền thông sites vị not scan messages for viruses or phishing scams, leading khổng lồ large-scale problems lượt thích the vi khuẩn Steckt.Evl spread from Facebook’s chat window. <138> 68% of social media users chia sẻ their birth date publicly, 63% mô tả their high school name, 18% cốt truyện their phone number, 12% giới thiệu a pet’s name; each of those pieces of information is frequently used for account security verification và can be used for identity theft. <103>

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Did You Know?
1. Social truyền thông sites are one of the đứng top news sources for 46% of Americans, compared to 66% for television, 26% for printed newspapers, và 23% for radio. <192>
2. Students who used social networking sites while studying scored 20% lower on tests and students who used social truyền thông media had an average GPA of 3.06 versus non-users who had an average GPA of 3.82. <84>
3. A 2018 Kaplan test Prep survey found that 25% of college admissions officers checked an applicant"s social media to learn more about them, up from 10% in 2008 but down from a high of 40% in 2015. 42% of these admissions officers discovered information that had a negative impact on prospective students" admission chances. <287>
4. 81% of teens age 13 khổng lồ 17 reported that social media makes them feel more connected lớn the people in their lives, và 68% said using it makes them feel supported in tough times. <288>
5. Worldwide, people spent a daily average of 2 hours and 23 minutes on social truyền thông media in 2019, up from about 1 hour 30 minutes in 2012. With a daily average of 4 hours 1 minute, the Philippines logged the most time on social truyền thông media of any other country, followed by Brazil at 3 hours 45 minutes. <286>





Are These Good for Society?
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - Proponents say AI can improve workplace safety. Opponents say it poses dangerous privacy risks.
CANCEL CULTURE - Proponents say cancel culture allows people to seek accountability. Opponents say it amounts khổng lồ online bullying.
UBER & LYFT - Proponents say ride-sharing apps are convenient and safe. Opponents say they increase traffic congestion and total vehicle miles traveled.


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